The Secret Language of Flowers: Symbolism and Meanings

Sajid Mollah
2 min readMay 10, 2024

From ancient civilizations to modern-day customs, flowers have conveyed messages of love, friendship, and emotion through their delicate petals and vibrant colors.

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Flowers in Ancient Times:

The tradition of assigning meanings to flowers dates back thousands of years, with evidence found in the myths, legends, and folklore of ancient civilizations. In ancient Greece, for example, flowers were associated with gods and goddesses, each possessing their own symbolic attributes. Similarly, in ancient Egypt, flowers held sacred significance, often used in religious ceremonies and rituals.

Victorian Era and the Language of Flowers:

The Victorian era saw the height of flower symbolism, with the publication of "Flora's Dictionary" or "The Language of Flowers" in 1819 by Louise Cortambert. This popular book assigned specific meanings to various flowers, allowing individuals to convey complex emotions and messages through floral arrangements. Each flower, from roses to violets, carried its own symbolic interpretation, creating a nuanced form of communication.

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Popular Flowers and Their Meanings:

1. Roses: Perhaps the most well-known symbol of love and romance, roses come in various colors, each carrying its own significance. Red roses convey love and passion, while yellow roses symbolize friendship and joy.
2. Lily: A symbol of purity and innocence, the lily is often associated with spirituality and renewal. It is commonly used in weddings and religious ceremonies.
3. Sunflower: With its bright and cheerful appearance, the sunflower symbolizes adoration, loyalty, and happiness. It is a popular choice for expressing feelings of admiration and positivity.
4. Daisy: The daisy represents innocence, purity, and new beginnings. Its simple yet charming appearance makes it a versatile symbol for various occasions.
5. Orchid: Known for its exotic beauty, the orchid symbolizes love, luxury, and refinement. It is often used to convey sentiments of admiration and sophistication.

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Flower Symbolism in Modern Times:

While the strict adherence to flower symbolism may have waned in modern times, the tradition still holds significance in various cultural contexts. Flowers continue to play a prominent role in weddings, funerals, and other special occasions, conveying heartfelt emotions and sentiments. Additionally, the rise of floral arrangements and bouquets as gifts reflects the enduring appeal of flowers as a means of expression.



Sajid Mollah

I am A Researcher, Analyst, Writer and a Youtuber. I am interested in Social Studies And I Want to Contribute to a Creative Humane Society.